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SAT写作提分的五条小建议

达利通留学中介   www.edubridge.com.cn   2016-11-22   来源:达利通留学
  新SAT写作字数到底多少为宜?OG给出的新SAT写作评分标准虽然面面俱到,唯独没有对写作字数提出要求。CB看似是在含糊其辞,让小伙伴们在字数问题上抓狂,实际上根据CB的解释和OG上给出的高分范文,我们仍然可以找到提高写作分数的蛛丝马迹。

  据此,小编为大家带来想SAT写作提分的五条小建议,以及能精简论证全文的写作套路。

  一、五条小建议,让你的新写作获得高分

  1.Less is not more. More is more.

  写得多虽然无法确保高分,而且可能会给考官一种冗长啰嗦之感。但是写得越少,你的观点、论述、分析就越无法有效展开。所以,关键是要在写作数量和写作质量上做到平衡。字数是基本的要求,下面的几条建议可以帮助小伙伴在写作质量上获得提升。

  2.Pick one side.

  OG上虽然明确指出在分析中,考生既可以论证原文是如何说服读者,同时也可以论证原文不具备说服力。但是,写作考试的文章来源都很权威,而且在考试有限的时间和紧张的氛围中,直接分析原文的说服力强是最明智的选择。

  3.Take notes

  在具体的新SAT写作过程中,考生需要经常的refer back,如果在阅读原文的过程中,对原文的feature(写作手法,如evidence, reasoning, language等)不做任何标注,写作时是不是会有一种手忙脚乱的感觉?所以清晰的笔记是完全有必要的。例如,用“?”来标记原文中的rhetorical question修辞;用“≠”标注修辞contrast;用(WC)标注修辞Word choice。

  4.Use five-paragraph essay format.

  采用五段式写作结构,这一结构虽然有“八股文”之嫌,但是对于应试作文来说,可以省很多构思文章结构的时间。一般来说,在文章第一段开门见山的提出正文中要分析的三个features,正文三段对首段的三个features一一展开分析,末尾段对首段进行restate,整个文章就大功告成了。

  5.Pace yourself.

  相对于老SAT来说,虽然新SAT写作考试时间上延长至50分钟,但新SAT 写作是一种基于阅读的写作,要求考生在透彻理解原文的基础上,从原文本中找到相应的细节来分析原文作者的论证说理过程。所以合理规划时间显得更为重要,一般建议考生:原文阅读和分析以十分钟为宜;写作过程三十五分钟为宜(开头和结尾段各5分钟;三个主体段落25分钟);文章检查以五分钟为宜。

  二、新SAT写作常用套路

  第一段:

  Determining whether something should or should not be done couldbe weighed inmany aspects.

  Different people have different answers due to their respectivepoint of view.

  On balance, my view is that the final judgment should depend ona case-by-caseanalysis of the two situations.

  In my point of view, I agree with the speaker on the groundsthat…

  At the first glance, this opinion seems to be somewhatappealing, but furtherreflection tells me that I cannot agree with it for thefollowing reasons.

  第二段:

  同意

  The first and foremost reason why I support / agree with abovestatement isthat …

  There is also a further more subtle/ point to consider.

  反对

  Although at first glance these arguments sound reasonable andappealing, theyare not borne out by a careful consideration.

  The undeniable deficiency in above arguments is that they arenegligent of thebare fact that...

  第三段:

  In conclusion, it must be explained that these three reasonssometimes intertwineto form an organic whole, thus becoming more persuasivethan anyone of them. So,any thinking person must believe that…

  In this argument, the arguer concludes that…

  To substantiate the conclusion, the arguer points out that…

  In addition, the arguer assumes that / reasons that / cites theexample of /cites the result of a recent study that…

  A careful examination of this argument would reveal howgroundless it is.

  First of all, the argument is based on a false analogy. /the arguer simplyassumes that… but he does not provide any evidence that … areindeed comparable./ as we know, … differ conspicuously. / it is true thatboth… but even hereexist fundamental differences:… / therefore, eventhough…

  proved effective in doing… there is no guarantee that it will work justaswell for…// as a result, a and b do not establish a warranted analogy. sowecannot safely assume that (两者无法比)

  Theauthor unfairly assumes that a bears some relation to B. / however, theauthorprovides no evidence to support that this is the case, nor does theauthorestablish a causal relationship between a and b. / it is highly possiblethatother factors might contribute to the b/change/progress. / for example, …it isalso likely b just resulted from … / lacking evidence that links a to b,it ispresumptuous to suggest that a was responsible for b. (无法建立必然的因果关系)

  Theevidence the author provides is insufficient to support the conclusiondrawnfrom it. / one example is rarely sufficient to establish a generalconclusion./ based on a specific example of… it is logically unsounded to makesuggestionfor all… / in fact, in face of such limited evidence, it isfallacious to drawany conclusion at all. / unless it can be shown that … isrepresentative of all…,the conclusion that… is completely unwarranted. (单个事例不能说明整体问题)

  Inaddition, the arguer commits a fallacy of hasty generalization. / even if…,which is, of course, an unwarranted assumption, it does not follow that… /itis highly possible that other factors may have contributed to b… /forinstance,… / besides, the arguer does not provide any solidinformationconcerning… / unless… , which is unknown from this argument, thereis noguarantee that… // without ruling out these and other possible factorsthatgive rise to b, the author cannot confidently conclude that…(结论得出过早,考虑不周到 )

  结尾部分

  From whathas been discussed above (Taking into account all these factors /Judging fromall evidence offered), we may safely draw (reach / come to / arriveat) theconclusion that…

  All theevidence (analysis) supports (justifies / confirms / warrants / pointsto) a(n)unshakable (unmistakable / sound / just) conclusion that …

  It ishigh time that we place (lay / put) great (special / considerable)emphasis onthe improvement (development / increase / promotion) of…

  It ishigh time that we put an end to the deep-seated (unhealthy / undesirable/deplorable) situation (tendency / phenomenon) of…

  We mustlook (search / all / cry) for an immediate action (method / measure),becausethe present (current) situation (phenomenon / tendency / state /attitude) of…, if permitted (allowed) to continue (proceed), will surely(certainly) leadto (result in) the end (destruction / heavy cost) of…

  There isno easy (immediate / effective) solution (approach / answer / remedy)to theproblem of …, but … might be useful (helpful /beneficial).

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